CODE OF CONDUCT OFFENCES

The conduct described in Articles 2.1 – 2.5, if committed by a Player or Team Official, shall amount to an offence by such Player or Team Official under the Code of Conduct.

COMMENT: Where considered helpful, guidance notes have been provided in text boxes beneath the description of a particular offence. Such notes are intended only to provide guidance as to the nature and examples of certain conduct that might be prohibited by a particular Article and should not be read as an exhaustive or limiting list of conduct prohibited by such Article.

2.1 Level 1 Offences:

2.1.1 Breach of the IPL Clothing Regulations, save for breaches relating to a ‘Commercial Logo’ or a ‘Player’s Bat Logo’ as those terms are defined therein.

NOTE: One of the core objectives of the IPL Clothing Regulations is to ensure appropriate and professional standards of appearance on the field of play and to prevent those practices that undermine that objective (for example the covering up/alteration of clothing and equipment with sticking plaster or marker pens, the wearing of batting pads painted with paint that subsequently fades or falls off and/or the use of prohibited logos).

For the avoidance of any doubt, there shall be no requirement that the Umpire must first provide a warning to the offending person to remove or cover up a prohibited logo before a breach of this Article can be established.

It shall be a defence to a charge brought under this Article to show that a Player or Team Official was required by his/her Team to use the offending clothing or equipment.

2.1.2 Abuse of cricket equipment or clothing, ground equipment or fixtures and fittings during a Match.

NOTE: Article 2.1.2 includes any action(s) outside the course of normal cricket actions, such as hitting or kicking the wickets and any action(s) which intentionally or negligently results in damage to the advertising boards, boundary fences, dressing room doors, mirrors, windows and other fixtures and fittings.

2.1.3 Showing dissent at an Umpire’s decision during a Match.

NOTE: Article 2.1.3 includes: (a) excessive, obvious disappointment with an Umpire’s decision; (b) an obvious delay in resuming play or leaving the wicket; (c) shaking the head; (d) pointing or looking at any part of the bat when given out lbw; (e) pointing to the pad or rubbing the shoulder when caught behind; (f) snatching the cap from the Umpire; (g) requesting a referral to the TV Umpire and (h) arguing or entering into a prolonged discussion with the Umpire about his decision.

It shall not be a defence to any charge brought under this Article to show that the Umpire might have, or in fact did, get any decision wrong.

2.1.4 Using language or a gesture that is obscene, offensive or insulting during a Match.

NOTE: Article 2.1.4 includes: (a) excessively audible or repetitious swearing; and (b) obscene gestures which are not directed at another person, such as swearing in frustration at one’s own poor play or fortune. In addition, this offence is not intended to penalise trivial behaviour.

When assessing the seriousness of the breach, the Umpire shall be required to take into account the context of the particular situation and whether the words or gesture are likely to: (a) be regarded as obscene; (b) give offence; or (c) insult another person.

This offence is not intended to cover any use of language or gestures that are likely to offend another person on the basis of their race, religion, gender, colour, descent, national or ethnic origin. Such conduct is prohibited under the IPL’s Anti-Racism Code and must be dealt with according to the procedures set out therein.

2.1.5 Excessive appealing during a Match.

NOTE: For the purposes of Article 2.1.5, ‘excessive’ shall include: (a) repeated appealing of the same decision/appeal; (b) repeated appealing of different decisions/appeals when the bowler/fielder knows the batter is not out with the intention of placing the Umpire under pressure; or (c) celebrating a dismissal before the decision has been given. It is not intended to prevent loud or enthusiastic appealing.

2.1.6 Pointing or gesturing towards the pavilion by a bowler or other member of the fielding side upon the dismissal of a batsman during a Match.

2.1.7 Public criticism of, or inappropriate comment in relation to an incident occurring in a Match or any Player, Team Official, Umpire, Match Referee or Team participating in any Match, irrespective of when such criticism or inappropriate comment is made.

NOTE: Without limitation, Players and Team Officials will breach Article 2.1.7 if they publicly criticise the Umpires or Match Referee or denigrate a Player or Team against which they have played in relation to incidents which occurred in a Match. When assessing the seriousness of the breach, the context within which the comments have been made and the gravity of the offending comments must be taken into account.

For the avoidance of doubt, any posting by a Player or Team Official of comments on a social media platform (including, without limitation, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Google+, Pinterest and LinkedIn) shall be deemed to be ‘public’ for the purposes of this offence. Consequently a Player or Team Official may breach Article 2.1.7 where they criticize or make an inappropriate comment in relation to an incident occurring in a Match or any Player, Team Official or Team participating in any Match in any posting they make on a social media platform.

2.1.8 Where the facts of the alleged incident are not adequately or clearly covered by any of the above offences, conduct that either: (a) is contrary to the spirit of the game; or (b) brings the game into disrepute.

NOTE: Article 2.1.8 is intended to be a ‘catch-all’ provision to cover all types of conduct of a minor nature that is not (and, because of its nature, cannot be) adequately covered by the specific offences set out elsewhere in the Code of Conduct.

By way of example, Article 2.1.8(a) may (depending upon the seriousness and context of the breach) prohibit the following: (a) the use of an illegal bat or illegal wicket-keeping gloves; (b) deliberate time wasting; (c) cheating during a Match, including deliberate attempts to mislead the Umpire; (d) failure to comply with the provisions of clause 7.1 of the Match Playing Conditions; and (e) any conduct which is considered ‘unfair play’ under Law 42 of the Laws of Cricket.

By way of example, Article 2.1.8(b) may (depending upon the seriousness and context of the breach) prohibit the following: (a) public acts of misconduct; (b) unruly public behaviour; and (c) inappropriate comments which are detrimental to the interests of the game.

2.2 Level 2 Offences:

2.2.1 Showing serious dissent at an Umpire’s decision during a Match.

NOTE: Dissent, including the examples given in Article 2.1.3 above, will be classified as ‘serious’ when the conduct contains an element of anger or abuse which is directed at the Umpire or the Umpire’s decision or where there is excessive delay in resuming play or leaving the wicket or where there is persistent re-reference to the incident over time.

It shall not be a defence to any charge brought under this Article to show that the Umpire might have, or in fact did, get any decision wrong.

2.2.2 Breach of the IPL Clothing Regulations relating to a ‘Commercial Logo’ or a ‘Player’s Bat Logo’ as those terms are defined therein.

NOTE: Article 2.2.2 only relates to breaches of the regulations regarding ‘Commercial Logos’ and ‘Player’s Bat Logos’.

For the avoidance of any doubt, there shall be no requirement that the Umpire must first provide a warning to the offending person to remove or cover up a prohibited logo before a breach of this Article can be established.

It shall be a defence to a charge brought under this Article to show that a Player or Team Official is required by his/her Team to use the offending clothing or equipment.

2.2.3 Serious public criticism of, or inappropriate comment in relation to an incident occurring in a Match or any Player, Team Official, Umpires or Match Referee or Team participating in any Match, irrespective of when such criticism or inappropriate comment is made.

NOTE: Without limitation, Players and Team Officials will breach this rule if they publicly criticise the Umpires or Match Referee or denigrate a Player or Team against which they have played in relation to incidents which occurred in a Match. When assessing the seriousness of the breach, the context within which the comments have been made and the gravity of the offending comments must be taken into account.

For the avoidance of doubt, any posting by a Player or Team Official of comments on a social media platform (including, without limitation, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Google+, Pinterest and LinkedIn) shall be deemed to be ‘public’ for the purposes of this offence. Consequently a Player or Team Official may breach Article 2.2.3 where they seriously criticize or make an inappropriate comment in relation to an incident occurring in a Match or any Player, Tea Official, Match official or Team participating in any Match in any posting they make on a social media platform.

2.2.4 Inappropriate and deliberate physical contact between Players in the course of play during a Match.

NOTE: Without limitation, Players will breach this regulation if they deliberately walk or run into or shoulder another Player.

2.2.5 Charging or advancing towards the Umpire in an aggressive manner when appealing during a Match.

2.2.6 Deliberate and malicious distraction or obstruction on the field of play during a Match.

NOTE: This offence supplements and does not replace clauses 42.2 and 42.3 of the Match Playing Conditions.

2.2.7 Throwing a ball (or any other item of cricket equipment such as a water bottle) at or near a Player, Team Official, Umpire, Match Referee or any other third person in an inappropriate and/or dangerous manner during a Match.

NOTE: This regulation will not prohibit a fielder or bowler from returning the ball to the stumps in the normal fashion.

2.2.8 Using language or gesture(s) that is seriously obscene, seriously offensive or of a seriously insulting nature to another Player, Team Official, Umpire, Match Referee or any other third person during a Match.

NOTE: It is acknowledged that there will be verbal exchanges between Players in the course of play. Rather than seeking to eliminate these exchanges entirely, Umpires will be required to report such conduct that falls below an acceptable standard. This offence is not intended to penalise trivial behaviour.

When assessing the seriousness of the breach, the Umpire shall be required to take into account the context of the particular situation and whether the words or gesture are likely to: (a) be regarded as seriously obscene; or (b) give serious offence; or (c) seriously insult another person.

This offence is not intended to cover any use of language or gestures that are likely to offend another person on the basis of their race, religion, gender, colour, descent, national or ethnic origin. Such conduct is prohibited under the IPL’s Anti-Racism Code and must be dealt with according to the procedures set out therein.

2.2.9 Changing the condition of the ball in breach of Law 42.3 of the Laws of Cricket, as modified by clause 42.1 of the Match Playing Conditions.

NOTE: This offence supplements and does not replace clause 42.1 of the Match Playing Conditions

Any action(s) likely to alter the condition of the ball which were not specifically permitted under Law 42.3(a) may be regarded as ‘unfair’. The following actions shall not be permitted (this list of actions is not exhaustive but included for illustrative purposes): (a) deliberately throwing the ball into the ground for the purpose of roughening it up; (b) applying any artificial substance to the ball; and applying any non-artificial substance for any purpose other than to polish the ball; (c) lifting or otherwise interfering with any of the seams of the ball; (d) scratching the surface of the ball with finger or thumb nails or any implement.

The Umpires shall use their judgment to apply the principle that actions taken to maintain or enhance the condition of the ball, provided no artificial substances are used, shall be permitted. Any actions taken with the purpose of damaging the condition of the ball or accelerating the deterioration of the condition of the ball shall not be permitted.

2.2.10 Any attempt to manipulate a Match for inappropriate strategic or tactical reasons.

NOTE: Article 2.2.10 is intended to prevent the manipulation of Matches for inappropriate strategic or tactical reasons (such as when a team deliberately loses a Match in order to affect the standings of other teams in the League). It might also apply to the inappropriate manipulation of a net run rate or otherwise.

Article 2.2.10 is not intended to cover any corrupt or fraudulent acts (including any use of inside information and/or related betting activity). Such conduct is prohibited under the BCCI’s Anti-Corruption Code and must be dealt with according to the procedures set out therein.

The Team Captain of any Team guilty of such conduct shall be held responsible (and subject to sanction) for any offence found to have been committed under this Article.

2.2.11 Where the facts of the alleged incident are not adequately or clearly covered by any of the above offences, conduct that either: (a) is contrary to the spirit of the game; or (b) brings the game into disrepute.

NOTE: Article 2.2.11 is intended to be a ‘catch-all’ provision to cover all types of conduct of a serious nature that are not (and, because of their nature, cannot be) adequately covered by the specific offences set out elsewhere in the Code of Conduct.

See guidance notes to Article 2.1.8 for examples of conduct that may (depending upon the seriousness and context of the breach) be prohibited under Article 2.2.11.

2.3 Level 3 Offences:

2.3.1 Intimidation of an Umpire or Match Referee whether by language or conduct (including gestures) during a Match.

NOTE: Includes appealing in an aggressive or threatening manner.

2.3.2 Threat of assault on another Player, Team Official or any other person (including a spectator) during a Match.

NOTE: This offence is not intended to cover threats of assault against Umpires or Match Referees which are prohibited under Article 2.4.1.

2.3.3 Where the facts of the alleged incident are not adequately or clearly covered by any of the above offences, conduct that either: (a) is contrary to the spirit of the game; or (b) brings the game into disrepute.

NOTE: Article 2.3.3 is intended to be a ‘catch-all’ provision to cover all types of conduct of a very serious nature that are not (and, because of their nature, cannot be) adequately covered by the specific offences set out elsewhere in the Code of Conduct.

See guidance notes to Article 2.1.8 for examples of conduct that may (depending upon the seriousness and context of the breach) be prohibited under Article 2.3.3.

2.4 Level 4 Offences:

2.4.1 Threat of assault on an Umpire or Match Referee during a Match.

2.4.2 Physical assault of another Player, Team Official, Umpire, Match Referee or any other person (including a spectator) during a Match.

2.4.3 Any act of violence on the field of play during a Match.

2.4.4 Where the facts of the alleged incident are not adequately or clearly covered by any of the above offences, conduct that either: (a) is contrary to the spirit of the game; or (b) brings the game into disrepute.

NOTE: Article 2.4.4 is intended to be a ‘catch-all’ provision to cover all types of conduct of an overwhelmingly serious nature that are not (and, because of their nature, cannot be) adequately covered by the specific offences set out elsewhere in the Code of Conduct.

See guidance notes to Article 2.1.8 for examples of conduct that may (depending upon the seriousness and context of the breach) be prohibited under Article 2.4.4.

2.5 Minimum Over Rate Offences:

Failure by a fielding Team participating in a Match to meet the Minimum Over Rate requirements contained in Appendix 2 constitutes an offence under this Code of Conduct by the relevant Team Captain and each of the Players in that fielding Team.

NOTE: Subjective intent on behalf of the Team Captain to waste time is not required. It is sufficient to establish that the Minimum Over Rate was not met. To avoid liability under this offence the Team Captain would need to establish, on the balance of probabilities, that the shortfall was due to factors beyond his control and that the time allowances permitted by the Match Officials in calculating the required over rate were not sufficient. The presence or absence of subjective intent and the extent of the shortfall shall be relevant in relation to the issue of penalty.

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