ARTICLE 2 ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS

Doping is defined as the occurrence of one or more of the following anti-doping rule violations:

2.1 The presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in a Cricketer’s Sample.

2.1.1 It is each Cricketer’s personal duty to ensure that no Prohibited Substance enters his/her body. A Cricketer is responsible for any Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers found to be present in his/her Sample. Accordingly, it is not necessary that intent, fault, negligence or knowing Use on the Cricketer’s part be demonstrated in order to establish an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.1; nor is the Cricketer's lack of intent, fault, negligence or knowledge a valid defence to a charge that an anti-doping rule violation has been committed under Article 2.1.

2.1.2 Sufficient proof of an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.1 is established by either of the following (unless the Cricketer establishes that such presence is consistent with a therapeutic use exemption granted in accordance with Article 4.4): (a) the presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in the Cricketer's A Sample, where the Cricketer waives analysis of the B Sample and the B Sample is not analysed; or (b) where the Cricketer's B Sample is analysed and the analysis of the Cricketer's B Sample confirms the presence of the Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers found in the Cricketer’s A Sample.

2.1.3 Excepting those substances for which a quantitative reporting threshold is specifically identified in the Prohibited List, and subject to the special criteria established in the Prohibited List (and/or other International Standards)to distinguish between endogenous and exogenous production of certain substances, the presence of any quantity of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in a Cricketer’s Sample shall constitute an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.1.

2.2 Use or Attempted Use by a Cricketer of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method, unless the Cricketer establishes that such Use or Attempted Use is consistent with a therapeutic use exemption granted in accordance with Article 4.4.

2.2.1 It is each Cricketer’s personal duty to ensure that he/she does not Use any Prohibited Substance. Accordingly, it is not necessary that intent, fault, negligence or knowing Use on the Cricketer’s part be demonstrated in order to establish an anti-doping rule violation of Use under Article 2.2; nor is the Cricketer's lack of intent, fault, negligence or knowledge a valid defence to a charge that an anti-doping rule violation of Use has been committed under Article 2.2.

2.2.2 Without prejudice to Article 2.2.1, it is necessary that intent on the Cricketer’s part be demonstrated in order to establish an anti-doping rule violation of Attempted Use under Article 2.2.

2.2.3 The success or failure of the Use or Attempted Use of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method is not material. For an anti-doping rule violation to be committed under Article 2.2, it is sufficient that the Cricketer Used or Attempted to Use a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method.

2.2.4 Notwithstanding Article 2.2.3, however, a Cricketer’s Use of a substance Out-Of-Competition that is not prohibited Out-of-Competition shall not constitute an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.2. However, the presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in a Sample collected In-Competition is a violation of Article 2.1, regardless of when that substance might have been administered.

2.3 Refusing or failing without compelling justification to submit to Sample collection after notification as authorised in the Rules, or otherwise evading Sample collection.

2.4 For a Cricketer in the National Registered Testing Pool, failing to file the whereabouts information required by the BCCI (a “Filing Failure”) and/or failing to be available for Testing at those whereabouts at the instance of the BCCI (a “Missed Test”), in accordance with Article 5.3.2. Any combination of three Filing Failures and/or Missed Tests committed within an eighteen-month period shall constitute an anti-doping rule violation under this Article 2.4.

2.5 Tampering or Attempted Tampering with any part of Doping Control.

2.6 Possession of Prohibited Substances and/or Prohibited Methods.

2.6.1 Possession by a Cricketer In-Competition of any Prohibited Method or any Prohibited Substance, or Possession by a Cricketer Out-of-Competition of any Prohibited Method or any Prohibited Substance which is prohibited in Out-of-Competition, unless the Cricketer establishes that the Possession is pursuant to a therapeutic use exemption granted in accordance with Article 4.4 or other acceptable justification.

2.6.2 Possession by a Cricketer Support Personnel In-Competition of any Prohibited Method or any Prohibited Substance, or Possession by Cricketer Support Personnel Out-of-Competition of any Prohibited Method or any Prohibited Substance which is prohibited Out-of-Competition, in connection with a Cricketer, Match or training, unless the Cricketer Support Personnel establishes that the Possession is consistent with a therapeutic use exemption granted to a Cricketer in accordance with Article 4.4 or other acceptable justification.

2.7 Trafficking or Attempted Trafficking in any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method.

2.8 Administration or Attempted administration to any Cricketer In-Competition of any Prohibited Method or Prohibited Substance, or administration or Attempted administration to any Cricketer Out-of-Competition of any Prohibited Method or Prohibited Substance that is prohibited Out-of-Competition, unless the Cricketer or Cricketer Support Personnel establishes that the administration or Attempted administration was consistent with a therapeutic use exemption granted in accordance with Article 4.4; or assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, covering up or any other type of complicity involving an anti-doping rule violation or any Attempted anti-doping rule violation. 

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