ARTICLE 2 ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS

Doping is defined as the occurrence of one or more of the following anti-doping rule violations:

2.1 The presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in a Cricketer’s Sample.

2.1.1 It is each Cricketer’s personal duty to ensure that no Prohibited Substance enters his/her body. A Cricketer is responsible for any Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers found to be present in his/her Sample. Accordingly, it is not necessary that intent, fault, negligence or knowing Use on the Cricketer’s part be demonstrated in order to establish an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.1..

2.1.2 Sufficient proof of an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.1 is established by any of the following (unless the Cricketer establishes that such presence is consistent with a therapeutic use exemption granted in accordance with Article 4.4): (a) the presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in the Cricketer's A Sample, where the Cricketer waives analysis of the B Sample and the B Sample is not analysed; (b) where the Cricketer's B Sample is analysed and the analysis of the Cricketer's B Sample confirms the presence of the Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers found in the Cricketer’s A Sample; or (c) where the Cricketer’s B Sample is split into two bottles and the analysis of the second bottle confirms the presence of the Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers found in the first bottle.

2.1.3 Excepting in the case of those substances for which a quantitative reporting threshold is specifically identified in the Prohibited List, and subject to the special criteria established in the Prohibited List (and/or other International Standards)to distinguish between endogenous and exogenous production of certain substances, the presence of any quantity of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in a Cricketer’s Sample shall constitute an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.1.

2.2 Use or Attempted Use by a Cricketer of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method, unless the Cricketer establishes that such Use or Attempted Use is consistent with a therapeutic use exemption granted in accordance with Article 4.4.

2.2.1 It is each Cricketer’s personal duty to ensure that he/she does not Use any Prohibited Substance. Accordingly, it is not necessary that intent, fault, negligence or knowing Use on the Cricketer’s part be demonstrated in order to establish an anti-doping rule violation of Use of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method under Article 2.2;.

2.2.2 Without prejudice to Article 2.2.1, it is necessary that intent on the Cricketer’s part be demonstrated in order to establish an anti-doping rule violation of Attempted Use under Article 2.2.

2.2.3 The success or failure of the Use or Attempted Use of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method is not material. For an anti-doping rule violation to be committed under Article 2.2, it is sufficient that the CricketerUsed or Attempted to Use a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method.

2.2.4 Notwithstanding Article 2.2.3, however, a Cricketer’s Use of a substance Out-Of-Competition that is not prohibited Out-of-Competition shall not constitute an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.2. However, the presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in a Sample collected In-Competition is a violation of Article 2.1, regardless of when that substance might have been administered.

2.3 Evading Sample collection or (without compelling justification) refusing or failing to submit to Sample collection after notification as authorised in the Rules, or under the World Anti-Doping Code.

2.4 Whereabouts Failures

For a Cricketer in the National Registered Testing Pool, any combination of three Filing Failures and/or Missed Tests (as such terms are defined in the International Standard for Testing and Investigations) committed within a twelve-month period, whether declared by the BCCI or the ICC (a “Whereabouts Failure”) shall constitute an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.4.

2.5 Tampering or Attempted Tampering with any part of Doping Control.

This Article prohibits conduct that subverts or Attempts to subvert the Doping Control process but would not otherwise be included in the definition of Prohibited Methods. Tampering shall include, without limitation, intentionally interfering or attempting to interfere with Doping Control official, providing fraudulent information to the BCCI or intimidating or attempting to intimidate a potential witness.

2.6 Possession of Prohibited Substances and/or Prohibited Methods.

2.6.1 Possession by a CricketerIn-Competition of any Prohibited Method or any Prohibited Substance, or Possession by a Cricketer Out-of-Competition of any Prohibited Method or any Prohibited Substance which is prohibited in Out-of-Competition, unless the Cricketer establishes that the Possession is pursuant to a therapeutic use exemption granted in accordance with Article 4.4 or other acceptable justification.

2.6.2 Possession by a CricketerSupport PersonIn-Competition of any Prohibited Method or any Prohibited Substance, or Possession by Cricketer Support Person Out-of-Competition of any Prohibited Method or any Prohibited Substance which is prohibited Out-of-Competition, in connection with a Cricketer, Match or training, unless the CricketerSupport Person establishes that the Possession is consistent with a therapeutic use exemption granted to a Cricketer in accordance with Article 4.4 or other acceptable justification.

2.7 Trafficking or Attempted Trafficking in any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method.

2.8 Administration or Attempted administration to any CricketerIn-Competition of any Prohibited Method or Prohibited Substance, or administration or Attempted administration to any CricketerOut-of-Competition of any Prohibited Method or Prohibited Substance that is prohibited Out-of-Competition, unless the Cricketer or Cricketer Support Person establishes that the administration or Attempted administration was consistent with a therapeutic use exemption granted in accordance with Article 4.4.

2.9 Complicity: namely assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, conspiring, covering up or any other type of intentional complicity involving an anti-doping rule violation or any Attempted anti-doping rule violation or violation of Article 10.11.1 by another Person;

2.10 Prohibited Association

2.10.1 Association by a Cricketer or other Person subject to the authority of the BCCI in a professional or sport-related capacity with any Cricketer Support Person who:

2.10.1.1 (if subject to the authority of the BCCI) is serving a period of Ineligibility; or

2.10.1.2 (if not subject to the authority of the BCCI, and where Ineligibility has not been addressed in a results management process pursuant to the Rules or the World Anti-Doping Code), has been convicted or found in a criminal, disciplinary or professional proceeding to have engaged in conduct which would have constituted a violation of anti-doping rules if World Anti-Doping Code-compliant rules had been applicable to such Person. The disqualifying status of such Person shall be in force for the longer of six years from the criminal, professional or disciplinary decision or the duration of the criminal, professional or disciplinary sanction imposed; or

2.10.1.3 is serving as a front or intermediary for an individual described in Article 2.10.1.1 or 2.10.1.2.

2.10.2 In order for this Article 2.10 to apply, it is necessary that (a) the Cricketer or other Person has previously been advised in writing by the BCCI, the ICC (in which case, the ICC shall copy such notice to the BCCI), or WADA, of the Cricketer Support Person’s disqualifying status and the potential Consequences of prohibited association, and (b) the Cricketer or other Person can reasonably avoid the association. The BCCI shall also use reasonable efforts to advise the Cricketer Support Person who is the subject of the notice to the Cricketer or Cricketer Support Person that the Cricketer Support Person may, within 15 days, come forward to the BCCI to explain that the criteria described in Articles 2.10.1.1 and 2.10.1.2 do not apply to him or her. For the avoidance of doubt, this Article applies even when the Cricketer Support Person’s disqualifying conduct occurred prior to the Effective Date.

2.10.3 The burden shall be on the Cricketer or other Person to establish that any association with the Cricketer Support Person described in Article 2.10.1.1 or 2.10.1.2 is not in a professional or sport-related capacity.

2.10.4 If the BCCI becomes aware of any Cricket Support Person who meets the criteria described in Article 2.10.1.1, 2.10.1.2 or 2.10.1.3 it shall submit that information to the ICC.